Question: Why Was India So Valuable To The British Empire?

Was India rich before British rule?

“The fact is that, before 200 years, the British came to one of the richest countries in the world- a country which had 23 per cent of global GDP…

A country where poverty was unknown,” Tharoor said.

“A country that was the world leader in at least three industries- textiles, steel and ship building..

Who colonized India first?

Vasco da GamaOnly a few years later, near the end of the 15th century, Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama became the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India since Roman times by being the first to arrive by circumnavigating Africa (c. 1497–1499).

Why did the British give freedom to India?

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. … Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.

What was the main reason for the British Empire?

The British wanted an empire for a number of reasons. Firstly, the discovery of the New World provided the opportunity to acquire wealth. The Americas were rich in metals and minerals and the English, then British, were eager to capitalise on these.

How many Indians did the British kill?

29 million IndiansIf you point out basic facts about the British Empire – that the British deliberately adopted policies that caused as many as 29 million Indians to starve to death in the late 19th century, say – you smack into a wall of incomprehension and rage.

Does Britain still rule India?

Independence came in 1947 with the Partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan, within the Commonwealth of Nations. … In 1950 India became a republic and the link with the British crown was severed. The Dominion was part of the Sterling Area (the Republic of India finally leaving in 1966).

Which country is still under the British rule?

Evolution of Dominions to independenceCountryDate of Dominion statusFinal event in question.Australia1 January 1901Australia Act 1986Canada1 July 1867Canada Act 1982Ireland6 December 1922Republic of Ireland Act and Ireland Act 1949Dominion of Newfoundland26 September 1907Canada Act 19822 more rows

What if India was still a British colony?

If India was still being ruled by the Britishers, there would have surely been much better infrastructure but it was possible that most of the Indians would have either died in the wars of other countries or would have continued to be slaves of the Britishers living in India.

Which all countries did British rule?

Current territoriesAnguilla.Bermuda.British Antarctic Territory.British Indian Ocean Territory.British Virgin Islands.Cayman Islands.Falkland Islands.Gibraltar.More items…

What did the British take from India?

It happened through the trade system. Prior to the colonial period, Britain bought goods like textiles and rice from Indian producers and paid for them in the normal way – mostly with silver – as they did with any other country.

Does England still own America?

The United States of America — in spite of its Declaration in 1776, is still a colony of Britain! … “The USA, a corporation of the English Crown, is bankrupt, and has been since at least 1788.

Why did British Empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

Who ruled India before the British?

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.

What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?

Disadvantages of British Rule_Incomes declined by 50%Enforced India manufacturing out of business.Industry disappeared because of British trade laws.Farmers and villages could not feed themselves because they were forced to produce cash crops.British racist attitudes hurt Indian culture.Their racism caused the Indians to rebel against the British.

Does Britain owe India?

With regard to the British plundering of India, MacKenzie stated that even before the British came, India was ruled for the benefit of the rulers. … British historian Patrick French also countered Tharoor in an article titled “Sorry, Shashi Tharoor, but Britain doesn’t owe India any reparations”.

What were the negative effects of British rule in India?

The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it …

What good did British do to India?

Perhaps the biggest contribution of British in India was removal of social practices like Sati, child marriage, untouchability. Not only they banned such cruel inhumane practices, they also promoted a widow’s remarriage. Just imagine what India would be if such practices still existed.

How many did British Empire kill?

1 million peopleSo, in total, over 290 years, Britain (and the Empire) probably ‘killed’ about 1 million people.

How many British soldiers died in India?

47,746 IndiansBy the end of the war a total of 47,746 Indians had been reported dead or missing; 65,126 were wounded. Also serving in the First World War were so-called “Imperial Service Troops”, provided by the semi-autonomous Princely States.

Is India is a safe country?

India has been placed at 60 of 64 countries on safety and security. India has been ranked as the fifth most dangerous country in the world for expats. In a survey — Expat Insider 2019 — that covered and interviewed people who live and work abroad, India has been placed at 60 of 64 countries on safety and security.

How did Britain rule the world?

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries.

Was India the richest country in the world?

India has figured among the top 10 wealthiest countries in the world with a total individual wealth of $5,600 billion while the United States topped the chart.

Why was India the jewel of the British Empire?

The British viewed India as its most valuable colony. … These included things like spices, textiles, cotton, and the opium that the British would sell in China to be able to buy tea. Because India had so many people and so much wealth, it was the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.

Did India benefit from the British Empire?

Did India gain or lose from British rule? Some recent research suggests that British rule did little for India in economic terms. Britain gained hugely from ruling India, but most of the wealth created was not invested back into the country.

How many Britishers died in 1857?

2,392 fatalitiesThere are 2,392 fatalities recorded on the British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859 register. The record set includes those British subjects or servicemen who died during the conflict.

How did the British oppress India?

Whenever the British felt threatened by Indian nationalism and saw it growing, they divided the Indian people along religious lines. … After oppressing India for 200 years, draining its wealth and filling their own coffers, the U.K. ripped the Indian subcontinent into pieces just before they finally left.