What does social stratification mean in sociology?
Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into groups based on socioeconomic factors like wealth, income, race, education, ethnicity, gender, occupation, social status, or derived power (social and political)..
What are some examples of social stratification?
The status of people is often determined by how society is stratified – the basis of which can include;Wealth and income – This is the most common basis of stratification.Social class.Ethnicity.Gender.Political status.Religion (e.g. the caste system in India)
How does social stratification lead to social inequality?
Social stratification is the division of society into categories, ranks, or classes. These divisions lead to social inequality—the unequal sharing of resources and social rewards. Stratification systems lie on a continuum of open to closed systems according to how easy or difficult it is to change statuses.
Why social stratification is bad?
Social stratification causes social disparity and many problems as it is an unjust system with monopoly of power and wealth in a particular group. … It creates emotional stress and depression for the people belonging to lower social stratum as they have unequal access to wealth, power and prestige.
What are the 4 principles of social stratification?
Four basic principles• Social stratification is based on four basic principles: 1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences; 2. Social stratification carries over from generation to generation; 3. Social stratification is universal but variable; 4.