What Medicines Cause Dysarthria?

What is the difference between dysarthria and dysphasia?

Dysarthria is a speech disorder caused by disturbance of muscular control.

Dysphasia (also called aphasia) is an impairment of language.

They often co-exist..

How does dysarthria affect swallowing?

Dysarthria can range from mild (slurring of speech or slightly slower rate of speaking which only slightly impacts communication) to severe (when speech cannot be understood at all). People with dysarthria may also have difficulty with eating, drinking, and swallowing due to muscle weakness or incoordination.

What can cause dysarthria?

Conditions that may lead to dysarthria include:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig’s disease)Brain injury.Brain tumor.Cerebral palsy.Guillain-Barre syndrome.Head injury.Huntington’s disease.Lyme disease.More items…•

What are symptoms of dysarthria?

Symptoms of dysarthriaslurred, nasal sounding or breathy speech.a strained and hoarse voice.very loud or quiet speech.problems speaking in a regular rhythm, with frequent hesitations.gurgly or monotone speech.difficulty with tongue and lip movements.difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), which may lead to constant drooling.

What part of the brain is damaged in dysarthria?

Dysarthria may be caused by damage to the following: Parts of the brain that control muscle movement. Cerebellum: The cerebellum, which is located between the cerebrum and brain stem, coordinates the body’s movements.

How do you fix dysarthria?

Treatment for DysarthriaSlowing down your speech.Using more breath to speak louder.Making your mouth muscles stronger.Moving your lips and tongue more.Saying sounds clearly in words and sentences.Using other ways to communicate, like gestures, writing, or using computers.

What is the most common type of dysarthria?

A lesser variant of spastic dysarthria, called unilateral upper motor neuron dysarthria, is a similar speech pattern but usually less severe, associated with a unilateral upper motor neuron lesion such as in stroke. This may be the most common type of dysarthria encountered by neurologists.

What are the types of dysarthria?

We outline the different types of dysarthria below.Spastic dysarthria. People with spastic dysarthria may have speech problems alongside generalized muscle weakness and abnormal reflexes. … Flaccid dysarthria. … Ataxic dysarthria. … Hypokinetic dysarthria. … Hyperkinetic dysarthria.

Which medication can cause dysarthria?

Dysarthria may be caused by diseases that affect nerves and muscles (neuromuscular diseases): Cerebral palsy….Other causes may include:Alcohol intoxication.Poorly fitting dentures.Side effects of medicines that act on the central nervous system, such as narcotics, phenytoin, or carbamazepine.

How do you test for dysarthria?

AdvertisementImaging tests. Imaging tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, create detailed images of your brain, head and neck that may help identify the cause of your speech problem.Brain and nerve studies. … Blood and urine tests. … Lumbar puncture (spinal tap). … Brain biopsy. … Neuropsychological tests.

Why do I have trouble speaking?

Apraxia is a motor speech disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain related to speaking. Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder in which the muscles of the mouth, face, or respiratory system may become weak or have difficulty moving.

What is dysarthria and Anarthria?

Overview. Anarthria is a severe form of dysarthria. Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder that occurs when someone can’t coordinate or control the muscles used for speaking. People with dysarthria usually have slurred or slowed speech. People with anarthria, however, can’t articulate speech at all.

Is dysarthria a neurological disorder?

Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor–speech system and is characterized by poor articulation of phonemes.

How can dysarthria be prevented?

How is dysarthria treated?Increase tongue and lip movement.Strengthen your speech muscles.Slow the rate at which you speak.Improve your breathing for louder speech.Improve your articulation for clearer speech.Practice group communication skills.Test your communication skills in real-life situations.

What does dysarthria sound like?

Dysarthria affects different people in different ways. Some people sound like they’re mumbling or slurring their words. Some sound like they’re talking through their noses, while others sound stuffed up. Some speak in a monotone, while others make extreme pitch changes.

Can dysarthria go away?

Dysarthria caused by medicines or poorly fitting dentures can be reversed. Dysarthria caused by a stroke or brain injury will not get worse, and may improve. Dysarthria after surgery to the tongue or voice box should not get worse, and may improve with therapy.